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# TextAppearance

Categories: FAQ, Text Appearance
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Frequently Asked Questions about tweaking the general appearance of the text

### § How can I make the whole document ragged right?

• Quick and dirty solution: Insert \raggedright in TeX mode at the beginning of the document.
If you want it for a limited area, go to Edit→Paragraph Settings ... and set Alignment to "Left".
• More elegant solution (better quality and also hyphenation): \usepackage{ragged2e} in preamble and \RaggedRight (with capitals) in TeX mode at the beginning of the document.
For limited areas, insert {\RaggedRight at the beginning and }, both in TeX mode, at the end of the respective area.

### § How do I avoid hyphenation globally?

There are several possible solutions:

1. Set the language to something like Welsh for the relevant text. This prevents hyphenation as long as you don't have Welsh hyphenation installed (but note that this is fragile; if you compile the document on a different computer that has Welsh hyphenation, the result will be different).
2. Insert \exhyphenpenalty=10000\hyphenpenalty=10000 in Document→Settings→Preamble.

### § How do I avoid hyphenation for a specific region of my document?

There are several possible solutions:

1. Insert \hyphenpenalty=10000 before the paragraph, and \hyphenpenalty=50 in TeX mode after it.
2. Insert \begin{sloppy} before the paragraph, and \end{sloppy} in TeX mode after it.

### § How do I avoid hyphenation for specific words?

There are several possible solutions:

1. \hyphenation{foo} in Document→Settings→Preamble will disable hyphenation for the word foo in the whole document.
2. \usepackage{hyphenat}\nohyphens{foo} in Document→Settings→Preamble will also disable hyphenation for the word foo in the whole document.
3. \mbox{foo} in TeX mode in the document will disable hyphenation for the word foo only at the given occurrence

### § How do I kill widows and orphans?

Okay, we are not playing Duke Nukem here! To eliminate widows and orphans (first line from a paragraph at the bottom of the page and the last line from a paragraph at the top of the page), add the following to the LaTeX preamble (Document→Settings→Preamble):

\widowpenalty=10000
\clubpenalty=10000

and perhaps

\raggedbottom

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Page last modified on 2010-08-08 10:58 CEST